© Malcolm 2014
Ki2Aikido - a Beginner’s Guide

Ki Aikido Attacks

Basic Attacks (by Uke):

Contact ‘Grabs’:

Katate-dori  – Single-hand grab. One hand grabs one wrist (on same side, ie not across body). Katate kosa-dori – Cross hand grab. Ryo-te   mochi    (or   Morote-dori )   –   Both-hands   grab.   Both   hands   grab   one   wrist;   the   lower   hand   should   be   on   the   inside,   closer to the Uke’s palm. Ryote-dori    –   Two   hands   grab.   Both   of   the   Uke’s   wrists   are   held;   one   by   each   of   the   Tori’s   hands.   Sometimes   written   as expansion of katate-dori to include both hands, ie ryo-katate-dori. Kata-dori  – Shoulder grab. A shoulder grab. "Both-shoulders-grab" is ryo-kata-dori . Mune-dori  – Chest grab. Grabbing the (clothing of the) chest.

Non-Contact Attacks:

Shomen-uchi    –   Front-of-the-head   strike.   A   vertical   knife-hand   strike   to   the   head   (but   follow   through,   as   if   slicing   to   navel).   In training, this is directed at the forehead or the crown for safety. Yokomen-uchi  – Side-of-the-head strike. A diagonal knife-hand strike to the side of the head or neck. Mune-tsuki  – Chest thrust. A punch to the torso. Targets include the chest, abdomen, and solar plexus. Ganmen-tsuki  – Face thrust. A punch to the face.

Method of Attack

The   uke    usually   attacks   with   his/her   right   hand   first   so   the   tori    has   to   present   the   appropriate   hand.   This   is   usually   the   left hand   but   for   some   attacks,   katate   kosi   dori    for   example,   the   tori    presents   their   right   hand.   Moves   are   repeated   on   both   sides, left and right, to maintain balance. Most   moves   are   practised   statically   at   first,   to   show   the   detail   of   the   technique,   but   once   this   is   mastered   they   can   be   done dynamically.   In   this   case,   the   uke    makes   the   same   attack   but   moving   in;   the   tori    will   seek   to   avoid   the   grab,   punch,   kick,   choke by doing the counter move before the actual grab, punch, etc occurs (but still within the uke’s  flow). The   uke    is   an   active   participant   in   the   move.   They   should   attack   realistically   but   also   be   compliant   and   flow   with   the   tori’s   counter; ie not be deliberately difficult! To be ‘realistic’: The uke  should maintain their ki , ie not lunge forward off balance; The uke  should not swing their arm out wide to grab ( dori ) the tori  but come in straight, from behind their hip; ‘Grabs’, on wrist or shoulder, should be firm to give the tori  something to work with (but not so tight that it hurts); The   uke    should   make   a   positive   attempt   to   grab   the   tori’s    wrist(s),   shoulder   etc   even   if   the   tori    counters   in   such   a way that the grab never actually occurs; Punches   ( tsuki )   and   strikes   ( uchi )   should   be   centred   and   with   follow   through,   as   if   for   real,   and   not   off   to   one   side, flabby   or   prematurely   terminated.   They   may   however   be   made   slowly   to   give   the   tori   a   chance   to   practise   their counter moves.

Principles:

Ikkyo (pronounced ik-e-o) – first pinning technique – press arm: (thumb   over   their   thumb,   3 rd    and   4 th    fingers   hooked   over   back   of   their   hand. Other   hand   on   their   bicep.   Keep   Uke’s   arm   straight;   change   to   nikyo   if   it bends. Move Uke  down to ground) Nikyo (or nikkyo)  – second pinning technique – turn wrist: (fingers over uke’s fingers bending hand back on itself, bring uke straight down) Sankyo  – third pinning technique – twist wrist, directing upward, spiral tension through arm, elbow and shoulder. (twist wrist so palm faces out, fingers down in front of uke’s chest) Yonkyo  – fourth pinning technique – press wrist: (one   hand   holds   uke   as   for   ikkyo;   2 nd    hand   holds   wrist   of   same   uke   hand   with   tori’s   first   finger   first   joint   pressing   into pressure point, radial nerve, on side of uke’s wrist)

Actions by Tori:

Irimi  – To enter or entering. Move, face into an opponent’s space. Tenshin  ( sometimes seen as Tenkan ) – Turning. Moving to the side, outside of an opponent’s space. Tai-no-henka  – Blending Kokyu-nage    –   loose   term   for   various   moves   that   do   not   use   joint   locks   or   twists   as   used   in   other   techniques.   The   Tori    brings one   hand   up   front   of   Uke’s    body,   over   face   and   then   comes   down,   extending   ki   over   Uke’s    face,   dropping   the   Uke   to   the ground without touching them (I wonder if this is why it is called a ‘breath’ throw?). Shiho-nage    –   known   as   the   4   direction   throw   (I   think   because   there   are   4   ways   Uke   can   be   thrown)   but   is   when   the   hand   is folded back past the shoulder, locking the shoulder joint, and is then brought down to fell the attacker. Rule of thumb is that if uke  (or attacker) pulls you toward them then use Irimi ; if they push then use Tenshin .

Summary Table of Attacks and Responses

To be added
Uke Uke Tori Tori