© Malcolm 2014
Ki2Aikido - a Beginner’s Guide Home History Words Etiquette Exercises Attacks Gradings Dictionary News Gallery Links Contact

Ki Aikido Grading Information

Minimum Required Practise

In addition to the calendar intervals, a minimum number of practise hours should be completed. For a 4 month interval, at least 52 training hours should have been completed and for a 6 month interval 78 training hours should have been completed. Note: This information applies to the British Ki Society (BKS) grading guidelines. The requirements do vary for other forms of Aikido that fall under different governing bodies.

EXAMINATIONS

Tests

Kokyu-ho

Breathing exercises (Kokyu-ho) are part of the Ki Tests from Shokyu. The exercise is carried out in seiza (kneeling) with the hands clasped correctly. Breathe in through the nose and out in a long, continuous breath with sound on the out-breath.

Kenko-taiso

In Ki Tests, the Kenko-taiso (Health exercises) form part of the test from Chukyu and higher. Chukyu – Examinee must do Kenko-taiso in the correct order. Jokyu – Examinee must keep timing and rhythm with examiners count. Shoden/Joden/Chuden/Okuden – Examinee does their own count with the correct rhythm.

Ki Test

During the Ki test the examinee adopts the test position pose described in the table below that is applicable to their grade level. Sensei will test at the lower grades by gradually applying pressure, back, front, sideways, up and down as appropriate. For the higher grades, the pressure may be applied immediately without a gradual build up; and/or with an initial ‘bounce’ of pressure before full pressure is applied to test if the examinee is able to maintain Ki despite being distracted. Succeeding levels require greater levels of Ki to be demonstrated.

Kyu Techniques and Tests

Hitori-waza – ‘alone techniques’ – ie practising by one’s self – solo techniques Kumi-waza – ‘couple techniques’ – ie two people working together Tsuzuki-waza – ‘continuity techniques’ ie techniques woven together one after another During a grading, examinee’s can expect to first perform the hitori-waza techniques before doing the kumi-waza techniques with an uke. Note that some Response Descriptions refer to, ‘Figure eight’ (Hachi-no-ji). This is not referring to an English Figure of 8 but the Japanese symbol for an ‘8’. The definition of Hasso No Kamae, reads: “The figure eight does not correspond to the Arabic numeral ‘8’, but to the Chinese/Japanese character which looks more like the roof of a house. In Hasso No Kamae, the sword is held up beside one's head, so that the elbows spread down and out from the sword in a pattern resembling this figure-eight character.”

Ki Tests - Summary

GRADING SYSTEM – KI AIKIDO SYLLABUS USED BY HIGHLAND KI SOCIETY CLUBS

The British Aikido Board (BAB) is the National Governing Body for Aikido to which most, but not all, Associations belong. One reason why different Associations exist to cater for the different Aikido styles – Ki, Traditional, Tomiki, Shodokan, etc. Each has a subtly different training syllabus, both in content and the timings between grades. The British Aikido Association (BAA) is a Full Association Member of the British Aikido Board (BAB). The BAA syllabus is the one adopted by Aikido UK and shown on their website – (with a few minor variations on calendar time for White through Green belt grades). The Highland Ki Societies are guided by Sensei Shihan Phil Burgess 8th Dan from Coventry Aikido and train to his syllabus. Coventry Aikido is affiliated to the official governing body, the (BAB). This syllabus, correct as at Dec 14, is shown below with amplifying comment.
Applicability   Test   Position   Test   Shokyu     required for      5th kyu      4th kyu     Standing   (arms up)   Sitting Seiza   (arms up)   Sitting cross legged (Agura)   (arms up)   Put   out one hand ( stand, p alm facing down)   Breathing exercise (Kokyu - ho)   (seiza)   Pull wrist vertically down.  Push f ront, back, side .   As above .   As  above .   Lift under elbow.  Pull, push wrist   horizontally .   Push   back   on in - breath   and forward on   out - breath   Chukyu     required for      3 rd   kyu      2nd kyu       Standing   (arms  up then  down)   Sitting Seiza (arms  up )   Sitting cross legged (Agura)   (arms  up )   Put   out one hand ( stand, p alm facing down)     Breathing exercise (Kokyu - ho)   (seiza) :   K enko - taiso   Similar to Shokyu with more Ki expected .   Pull wrist  vertically down; up when arms lowered.   Pull wrist vertically down.   Pull wrist vertically down.   Lift under elbow.   And under wrist .     Push back on in - breath and forward on out - breath    To examiner’s count.   Jokyu     required for      1st Kyu     Standing   (arms down)   Sitting Seiza (arms down)   Sitting cross legged (Agura)   (arms down)   Put   out one hand ( stand, p alm facing down)     St anding up and sitting down in Seiza   Standing in right or left hanmi   Standing   in hanmi   and putting out one hand   Stand on one foot and put   out on e hand   Leaning backward   B ending forward     Breathing exercise (Kokyu - ho)   (seiza):   Kenko - taiso   Push shoulder steadily to side.  Push front, back .   Push shoulder to side.  Push front, back, lift arm .   Push shoulder to side; lift knee.  Push front, back .   Lift under  elbow.  And under wrist and  under  palm .     Push back on seiza ,   and forward on standing.   Push  shoulder  from front.  Push from back .   Hold wrist and push back.  Pull forward .   Hold wrist and push back.  Pull forward .   Push shoulder back.   Push hips forward.     Push back   on in - breath and forward on out - breath   To examiner’s count.   Shoden     required for      1st Dan   Standing     Sitting Seiza     Sitting cross legged (Agura)     Put   out one hand ( stand, p alm facing down)     St anding up and sitting down in Seiza   Standing in right or left  hanmi   Standing  in hanmi  and putting out one hand   Stand on one foot and put   out one hand   Leaning backward   on a partne r (drops away)   B ending forward   on a partne r(drops away)     Uke   held from behind   at bicep level   Unraisable body   (standing)   Sitting cross legged   (Agura)   Swinging  up  both  arms     Breathing exercise (Kokyu - ho)   (seiza):   Kenko - taiso   Push shoulder to side . S traight in, no build up.   Push shoulder to side. Straight in, no build up.   Push shoulder to side; lift knee. No build up.   Lift under  finger tips .   And  elbow, wrist, palm .     Push back on seiza, and forward on standing.   Push  shoulder from front. No build up .   Hold wrist and push back.  Pull forward .   Hold wrist and push back.  Pull forward .   Push shoulder back.   Pull/push arms from wrist down and up.     Walk forwar d .   Examiner tries to lift from front at waist height.   Both shoulders pushed from front. No build up.   Hold wrists, push down & back.  Push up & back .     Push back on in - breath and forward on out - breath   To examinee’s own count.
Chuden (2nd Dan), Joden (3rd Dan) and Okuden (4th Dan) are as for Shoden, performed with successively higher Ki. All with kokyu-ho and kenko- taiso to the examinee’s own count.

Kyu Tests - Summary

KYU HITORIWAZA KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –   ATTACK DESCRIPTION KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     RESPONSE DESCRIPTION 5 th   Kyu   (Yellow)   Min imum  4  months  practice   after Shokyu Jo Kenko Taiso   Udefuri Undo   Udefuri Choyaku Undo   Ten shin   Undo   Sayu Undo   Sayu Choyaku Undo   Ushiro Ukemi Undo   Zempo Kaiten Undo 1.  Katate Kosa - dori    Cross hand wrist hold   2.  Katate - dori Ryo - te - mochi  Two hands hold one hand   3.  Katate - dori       One hand wrist hold   4.  Katate - dori Ryo - te - mochi  Two hands hold one hand   5.  Zagi Ryo - te - dori        Hold both hands whilst kneeling Kokyu - nage   Kokyu - nage   (hachi - no - ji   (Figure 8) )      Tenshin   Kokyu - nage      Tenshin   Kokyu - nage Ude - mawashi    Kokyu - nage irimi

More Detail for 5th Kyu

1.  Katate kosa-dori / kokyu-nage – Tori steps in behind Uke, bringing hand not being held onto neck, held hand brings Uke round, held hand drops bringing Uke forward slightly and comes back up over Uke’s face, hands extended with ki being laid over Uke as he drops to floor. 2.  Katate-dori Ryo-te-mochi / Tenshin Kokyu-nage – free hand extends outwards (hachi-no-ji) to bring Uke off balance, then as for ‘1’ above. 3.  Katate-dori / Tenshin Kokyu-nage – Tori steps in beside Uke (not disturbing the hold) and turns both palms to face up (tenshin); walk Uke round in circle (Tori on inside & not too tight or Uke may let go). Bend both knees, go down, up and extend hands laying ki. Uke falls. 4.  Katate-dori Ryo-te-mochi / Tenshin Kokyu-nage Ude-mawashi – Tori brings body in to Uke, folds held arm close into body with hand in ‘beak’ position in shoulder, walk Uke in circle, circle ‘beak’ arm down and round (ude-mawashi – sweep of the arm) bringing Uke through 180° turn, kokyu-nage. 5.  Zagi Ryo-te-dori / Kokyu-nage irimi – one hand turns over Uke’s hand bringing it to floor with Uke forward and off balance, other hand goes up to shoulder height and takes Uke backwards until Uke rolls on back, move outer knee in to maintain balance. Sit on heels (which should be together) but with toes still tucked under. Hold, as Uke will test Tori’s Ki in this position. Note: Different techniques are employed by different Sensei. Different styles is not necessarily a bad thing as in real life each attacker and each attack varies – but it does make learning more challenging for the beginner!
KYU   HITORIWAZA   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –   ATTACK DESCRIPTION   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     RESPONSE DESCRIPTION     4 th   Kyu   (Orange)     Minimum      4 months   practice  after 5 th   kyu   Jo Aiki Taiso :     :   Funakogi Undo     :  Ikkyo Undo     :  Ten shin   Undo     :  Zengo Undo     :  Happo Undo   Mae Ukemi and Ushiro Ukemi   ( 3 forward & 3 backward rolls )   1.  Katate - dori        One hand wrist hold   2.  Mune - tsuki       Body strike   3.  Mune - tsuki       Body strike   4.  Ryo - te - mochi      Two hand hold   5.  Ushiro  Ryo - te - dori    F rom behind , grab each wrist   6.  Ushiro - kubi - shime     Neck choke from behind   7.  Ushiro  Katate - dori     One hand held , moves  behind     Ikkyo irimi     Enter, apply Ikkyo   Ikkyo irimi       Enter, apply Ik kyo   Kote - oroshi   Lead down forearm   Kote - oroshi     Lead down forearm   Zem po - nage   Throw Uke into forward roll   Kokyu - nage Ura - gaeshi   G et behind  &   drop Uke   Ikkyo       Apply Ikkyo

More Detail for 4th Kyu

1. Step out to side, bring opposite hand over (in front of his face and down arm to take his Ki) to take Uke’s grabbing hand. Using both hands, take Uke’s grab up and over in an arc all the way through until nearly at ground level by Tori’s far ankle – bringing Uke off balance. Original grabbed hand slides to Uke’s elbow as arc comes down from its peak to the Ikkyo position. Hop forward to bring Uke down. 2. Step foot on attack side back to bring body back and out way. At same time bring hand across (same RH or LH as Uke) to block and grab the punch. Turn into Ikkyo. (This is an irimi defence, ie turning in across uke as opposed to his outside as in next move.) 3. Step foot on non-attack side back to bring body to outside of Uke and out the way. At the same time block with hand nearest Uke at his/her elbow and bring other hand lightly up under their fist. Bring the punch back and up to about shoulder height; as it reaches the top, slide the hand that blocked from the elbow up to the wrist and the hand that was under the fist to be over the fist and then bring Uke down. Turn and pin. 4. This is very similar to technique 4 in 5th Kyu except that as the grabbed hand is swung in the arc the Tori’s free hand comes in to hold Uke’s lower wrist. As the arc continues up Uke is forced to release the grabbed hand at which point the Tori brings the inside of the forearm over the hand the Uke is still holding on with to execute the kote-oroshi. 5. Step one foot 45° back and to the side, creating space for Tori to duck under whilst bring arms up the body and then forward to execute the throw. (Attack may be written as: ushiro-tekubi-dori – behind-wrist-grab.) 6. Pull down on choking arm to relieve the choke. Bring the grabbed hand up (either close to body or with extended arm. Uke can be very strong; find the path of least resistance) to head height. Pivot around the elbow holding the choke, until alongside the Uke with his/her hand above their head; slide the hand that was relieving the choke to their elbow. This turns the uke ‘inside out’ – ura-gaeshi. Now lift the Uke’s elbow and continue the top hand back, over Uke’s head, to execute the kokyu-nage. 7. As Uke moves in behind to try and grab second wrist, Tori raises grabbed arm and ducks under, bringing free arm to Uke’s elbow and grabbed wrist to get Uke into Ikkyo. (Attack may be written as: ushiro-tekubi-dori – behind-wrist-grab.)
KYU   HITORIWAZA   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     ATTACK DESCRIPTION   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     RESPONSE DESCRIPTION     3 rd   Kyu   (Green)     Minimum      4   months  practice   after Chukyu   Koteoroshi Undo   Sankyo Undo   Nikyo Undo   Tekubikosa Undo   Hanmi - Gyakuha nmi Undo    Ushirotori Undo   UshiroTekubitori Zenshin Undo   UshiroTekubitori Koshin Undo   Shikko (4 steps forwards and  backwards)   1.  Jo and Jo:     Shomen - uchi   Strike to top of head     Yokomen - uchi   Strike to side of head     Yoko - barai     Strike from side  to side     Do - uch i     Strike to mid region     Ashi - uchi     Strike to ankle/foot   2.  Katate - dori    3.  Katate - dori    4.  Yokomen - uchi    5.  Katate - dori    6.  Yokomen - uchi      7.  Ryote - dori  ( Tori moves in to grab both hands )   8.  Ushiro - dori  ( bear hug )   9.  Tanto - dori: Mune - tsuki    10.  Bokken - dor i: Shomen - uchi   Jo and Jo:     Block by raising Jo just above head , elbows bent     Block at level of attack by swinging Jo to side     (best to swing from side - to - side in ‘cup’ arc   –   r ather than   a   ‘hat’ arc .)     ditto   Kokyu - nage irimi   Kokyu - nage ( get rid of hold,  clo se - in  figure 8 )   Kokyu - nage ( figure 8 )   Shiho - nage (irimi), Shiho - nage   ( ten shi n)   Shiho - nage: ( ten shi n - irimi, ten shi n - tenshin , irimi - irimi,  irimi - ten shi n)   Zem po - nage    Zem po - nage   Kote - oroshi   Kokyu - nage  (figure 8 )

More Detail for 3rd Kyu

2. Pull Tori in and down to take off balance, sweep extended hand across uke’s front then up into Uke’s face (timing crucial in dynamic version). 3. Uke steps in beside Tori, twisting held hand out of Tori’s grip and taking Tori’s wrist with his free hand as he moves. Uke’s first hand moves to back of neck (loose figure 8). Uke brings Tori round 180°, led by control on wrist, leading hand down and then up into kokyu-nage. 4. Similar to 3 above except from a yokomen-uchi attack. As Uke defends from the strike and picks up the attacking hand, he does a figure 8. 5. From a hand grab, Tori does an irimi shiho-nage and a tenshin shiho-nage to both sides (ie 4 moves). 6. Similar to 5 above except from a yokomen-uchi attack. The first element determines how the yokomen-uchi is dealt with – Tenshin means step back out of harm’s way, catch the hand in its flow before going on to part two of the move: the irimi or tenshin shihonage. Irimi means swopping places with the uke (shouting YEH as you do) taking the Uke’s hand with you before going on to part two: the irimi or tenshin shihonage. 7. Tori faces Uke with both arms out. Uke runs in to grab both wrists. As Uke grabs, Tori moves hands down and then up, turning through 180° as he does so; pinning one hand against the other to help with the throw as the Tori propels the Uke forward into the zempo-nage. 8. Uke grabs Tori in ‘bear hug’ from behind. Tori does Ushiro-tori Undo – as described in 3rd Kyu hitoriwaza. 9. As for 3 in 4th Kyu except with the tanto. Tanto can be removed from Uke either before the turn and pin or after (my preference). 10. Similar to 3 above but first protect with ikkyo defence. Maintain contact as Uke goes down to grab bokken, turn and pin (see sensei for how).
KYU   HITORIWAZA   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     ATTACK DESCRIPTION   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZ A   –     RESPONSE DESCRIPTION     2 nd   Kyu   (Blue)     Minimum      4   months  practice   after 3 rd   kyu   One - hand bokken - exercises:      -   Moving bokken vertically      -   Shomenuchi      -   Moving bokken horizontally      -   Cutting forward horizontally   ( Each exercise 8 times with R      hand   and 8 times with L hand )       Shikko:     (8 steps forward  –   8 steps      backward, 4  Tenshin )   Zagi: Shomen - uchi   Kata - dori    ( static )   Kata - dori    ( static )   Kata - dori    ( static )   Kata - dori    ( static )   Yokomen - uchi      Shomen - uchi    Ushiro Ryo - kata - dori  ( dynamic )   Ushiro Ryo - k ata - dori    Jodori: Tsuki  ( forward strike )   Jodori: Mune - tsuki  ( strike at chest height )   Hitori - gake ( solo   attack   –   series of attacks by 1 man )   Ikkyo (irimi /  tenshin )   Ikkyo irimi    Nikyo irimi      Sankyo irimi    Yonkyo irimi    Kokyu - nage irimi  ( step forward  ikkyo  defence, keep  moving forward for the kokyu - nage )   Ikkyo (irimi /  tenshin )    Kokyu - nage ( close - in  figure 8 )   Zem po - nage   ( drop to knee, project hands fwd with ki )   Kaeshi ( Send uke  back the way  they   came , taking Jo )   Zem po - nage  ( throw  uke in  same direction , takin g Jo )   Appropriate response for each attack

More Detail for 2nd Kyu

KYU   HITORIWAZA   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     ATTACK DESCRIPTION   KUMIWAZA / TSUZUKIWAZA   –     RESPONSE DESCRIPTION     1 st   Kyu   (Brown)     Minimum    4   months  practice   after Jokyu   Two - hand bokken - exercises:      -   Shomenuchi ( 8 ti mes )      -   Tenshin   ( shomenuchi 2  directions )      -   Tsuki: ( 8 steps forward, 8  steps backward in chudan )   Happo - giri   Jo 1   Tsuzukiwaza 14 (Suwariwaza)   Tsuzukiwaza 16 (Handachi)   Tsuzukiwaza 1 (Katatedori) or free*    Tsuzukiwaza 3 (Katatedori Ryotemochi) or free*   Ni ningake (two men attack)     *Examiner can ask for free techniques with the  same attack instead of the Tsuzukiwaza   See below for content of the Tsuzukiwaza

More Detail for 1st Kyu

Tsuzukiwaza

There are 30 Tsuzukiwaza of which just four, those required for 1st Kyu, are shown below.

Tsuzukiwaza 1

1. Katate-dori Tenshin (1-3: LLL,RRR. 4-7: LR,LR,etc) 1) Kokyu-nage 2) Kiri-kaeshi 3) Zempo-nage 4) Kaiten-nage 5) lkkyo 6) Yonkyo 7) Nikyo  (katameru) – (katameru = pin)

Tsuzukiwaza 3

3. Ryotemochi 1) lkkyo (tenshin) 2) Kokyu-nage (tenshin) 3) Kokyu-nage Hachi-no-ji 4) Zempo-nage – (uke’s attack raises nage’s elbow which he drops as he turns thr’ 180°) 5) Nikyo (irimi) 6) Koteoroshi (katameru) – (pin) 7) Kokyu-nage – (from Sankyo, nage pushes down, comes alongside for kokyunage)

Tsuzukiwaza 16

16. Handachi 1) Tachi-waza (uke goes to hold nage’s hips – nage blocks down) 2)Tachi-waza Kaiten-nage (attack as above, nage rotates uke) 3) Tachi-waza Zemponage (uke goes to hold behind nage’s knees – nage drops to knee, turning out of uke’s way, and throws) 4) Handachi Shomenuchi Kokyu-nage 5) Handachi Mune-tsuki 6) Handachi Keri – (outside block) 7) Handachi Keri – (inside block)

Tsuzukiwaza 14

14. Ryote-dori (Suwari-waza, Tachi-waza) 1) Suwariwaza – Kokyunage – (hand over) 2) Suwariwaza – Kokyunage – (hand under) 3) Suwariwaza – Zemponage 4) Suwariwaza – Kokyunage – (throw far away. Uke rolls to standing on 2nd attack) 5) Handachi – Zemponage (swan) 6) Handachi – Ushiro-Ryokata-dori Zemponage 7) Ryote-dori Shiho-nage – (start handachi; on 2nd attack, nage comes to standing)
Gradings